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Super admin . 18th Dec, 2021

SAP S4H Management Accounting - 2

Question 1:

You configured an overhead costing sheet that uses the quantity-based overhead approach to calculate the overhead amount. What is required for the amount to be calculated?

  • Statistically figures with values for the period

  • Activity types with actual or plan quantities maintained

  • Cost accounts with the option to record quantity

    (Correct)

  • Settlement rules with valid receiver objects Explanation

    To apply quantity-based overhead rates, the units of measure must be updated in Controlling (CO).

    You have two options:
    Set the Record Quantity indicator in the cost element master data.

    - If you want to assign different materials to an object (order, cost center, business process, WBS element, etc.) under the same cost element but with different units of measure, set the Material Origin indicator in the costing view of the material's master record. In addition, materials with different units of measure must have different entries in the "Origin Group" field.

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Question 2:

Which object can you select for reporting in costing-based Profitability Analysis, and NOT in account- based Profitability Analysis?

• Period/year

  • Company code

  • Record type

(Correct)

• Cost element

Explanation

Actual line items report in Costing-based CO-PA:

page3image38410144

Actual line items report in Account-based CO-PA, without Record type:

page3image55004208

Question 3:

Which customizing do you use for calculating work in progress (WIP)? (There are 3 correct answers for this question)

  • Settlement profile table

  • Assignment table

    (Correct)

  • Posting rule table

page3image61044224

(Correct)

  • Allocation structure table

  • Update table

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    For work in process at actual costs:

    - Define Results Analysis Versions

    - Define Valuation Method (Actual Costs)

    - Define Line IDs

    - Define Assignment

    - Define Cost Elements for WIP Calculation

    - Define Update

    - Define Posting Rules for the Settlement of WIP

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/ebfe8c53d7d8ec23e10000000a174cb4.html

    (Correct)

    Question 5:

    What does the internal order settlement profile define?

Question 4:

How can you populate local variables in Profitability Analysis reports?

• By user entry during report execution

  • By user exit

  • By Business Add-In

  • By populating from user parameters

Explanation

If you want to create a variable which you only need in one particular form or report, you can create a local variable. Local variables are only known within the relevant form or

report. It means that local variables is populated by user entry when report execution.

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(There are 3 correct answers for this question)

  • The valid receivers (Correct)

  • The template allocation

  • Whether the settlement is necessary

    (Correct)

  • The accounting document type (Correct)

  • Whether commitment management is necessary Explanation

    These are attributes which you can maintain in Order settlement profile:

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Question 6:

You have implemented Product Cost by Sales Order in conjunction with cost-based POC results analysis in your organization. For a particular sales order item, you have the following: Plan revenue = 3000 Plan costs = 2000 Actual revenue = 1200 Actual costs = 1000 What data does the system calculate during results analysis?

  • Revenue = 1200; Cost of sales = 1000; Capitalized revenue (revenue in excess of billings) = 200

  • Revenue = 1200; Cost of sales = 1000; Revenue surplus = 200

  • Revenue = 1500; Cost of sales = 1000; Capitalized revenue (revenue in excess of

    billings) = 300

(Correct)

Question 7:

Which component provides insight into the effectiveness and results for areas of responsibility within the enterprise?

  • Profit center accounting (Correct)

  • Profitability analysis

  • Revenue accounting and reporting

  • Results analysis

    Explanation

    Profit Center Accounting (EC-PCA) lets you determine profits and losses by profit center using either period accounting or the cost-of-sales approach.

    The main aim of Profit Center Accounting is to determine profit for internal areas of responsibility.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/374cd953292a424de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/7765cf536db84408e10000000a174cb4.html

• Revenue = 1500; Cost of sales = 1000; Revenue surplus = 300

Explanation

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/viewer/6fe2dad9dab7486fb4469d13552824f2/6.18.06/en- US/4a62c4535cdeb44ce10000000a174cb4.html

page6image61046144

Question 8:

On which organizational level do you maintain profit center accounting in SAP S/4HANA?

  • Company code

  • Operating concern

  • Controlling area

(Correct)

• Financial statement version

Explanation

Every profit center is assigned to the organizational unit Controlling area. The profit centers in a company code belong to a standard profit center hierarchy that is also assigned to the controlling area.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/374cd953292a424de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/7765cf536db84408e10000000a174cb4.html

Question 9:

Which customizing activity do you perform in overhead cost controlling?

  • Define cost center categories (Correct)

  • Maintain costing variant parameters

  • Create value fields

  • Define company centers categories

    Explanation

    "Create value fields" is the customizing activity in Profitability Analysis.

    "Maintain costing variant parameters" is the customizing activity in Product Cost Controlling.

    No any customizing activity called by “Define company centers categories”.

    And "Define cost center categories" is the customizing activity in overhead cost controlling (or Cost Center Accounting)

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Question 10:

What can you analyze in detail when you transfer the cost component split from product cost planning to costing-based CO-PA?

  • Variance categories

  • Sales revenues

  • Cost of goods manufactured

• Cost of goods sold

(Correct)

Explanation

You can have COGS split up into different G/L accounts based on the cost components in the underlying costing sheet.

This refines your cost of goods sold information and enables more detailed cost analysis.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/viewer/5e23dc8fe9be4fd496f8ab556667ea05/2020.002/en- US/2dd0c7548342b109e10000000a423f68.html

Question 11:

You would like to allocate primary and secondary costs from a cost center to another cost center. Which allocation method will you use?

• Assessment

page8image61210368

(Correct)

• Indirect activity allocation • Distribution
• Periodic reposting

Explanation

Assessment is a method of allocating primary and secondary costs in Cost Center Accounting and Activity-Based Costing.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/2e11d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/e90dd153c9684608e10000000a174cb4.html

Question 12:

What do you do to create a primary cost component split? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Use the cost splitting tool on cost centers

  • Enter split activity prices manually

  • Assign a cost component structure to the CO-version

page9image61050240

(Correct)

• Run an activity price calculation (Correct)

Explanation

You can create a Primary cost component split for Products with following settings:

1. Creation of Primary cost component structure "1N" and marking it as Primary cost component

2. Assigning the Primary cost elements to the Cost component structure
3. Assigning the Primary cost component structure for the Company code and Plant 
4. Assigning the Primary cost component structure to "Version" under "Price

calculation" tab.

5. Activity type with Activity type category "1- Manual entry, Manual allocation" and Price Indicator "1 - Plan price, automatically based on activity"

6. Activity output planning for Cost center KP06
7. Primary cost planning for the Cost centers KP26
8. Activity price calculation. (Update run) - Prices are changed in KP26 also

9. After all the above steps I checked report S_ALR_87013644, Plan price is existing in the report as mentioned in SAP note: 165858Bottom of Form

page10image38009504

Reference link:

https://answers.sap.com/questions/10786581/primary-cost-component-split-not- happening.html

Question 13:

For which revenue-carrying cost objects does the system perform results analysis? (There are 3 correct answers for this question)

• Cost center

page10image60956160
  • Internal order (Correct)

  • Business processes

  • Customer service orders

    (Correct)

  • Work breakdown structure (Correct)

    Explanation

    You can use the revenue-based method with profit realization for:

    · Sales orders

    · Projects

    · Internal orders with revenue, service orders with revenue, maintenance orders with revenue

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/viewer/1352f25ee3eb4c888ae33f034441e4f9/6.02.22/en- US/2ecbd8530439414de10000000a174cb4.html

Question 14:

Which main elements do you configure for the overhead costing sheet? (There are 3 correct answers for this question)

  • Allocation structure

  • Credit key

page11image61034432

(Correct)

(Correct)

• Calculation base

  • Revaluation rate

  • Overhead rate

page11image61041152

(Correct)

Explanation

You define the following parameters in a costing sheet:
- The direct costs to which overhead is applied (calculation base) - The conditions under which overhead is applied (dependency)

page12image38493520

- Whether overhead is allocated as a percentage or based on the quantity

- The overhead percentage rate, or the quantity-based overhead rate per unit of measure

- The validity period for the overhead rate

Which object is credited (cost center, process, or order), and which cost element is used for actual credit postings (credit key)

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/09d269533d4ee047e10000000a441470.html

Question 15:

Which default values can you configure for the product cost collector? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

• Variance variant

page12image61026688
  • Results Analysis (RA) version

  • Results Analysis (RA) key

    (Correct)

  • Costing variant for preliminary costing (Correct)

    Explanation
    You can specify the default rule, the planned costing variant, the actual costing variant, and the results analysis key as default values in Customizing. The default rule can no longer be changed in Customizing. Check the default rules in Customizing for Product Cost by Period under -> Product Cost Collector -> Define Default Values for Order Types.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/bea4b9537cceb44ce10000000a174cb4.html

Question 16:

What do you use to map the primary cost component split to the production cost component structure?

• Assignment scheme

  • Transfer structure

  • Cost Component groups

(Correct)

• Allocation structure

Explanation

Cost components group similar cost types together by cost element. Typically materials, labor, and overhead.

Cost components are not available as columns in standard cost estimate list reports.

However, they are useful when analyzing production or purchasing performance across a range of products. Add cost components to standard cost estimate list reports and costed multilevel BOM reports by creating cost component groups and assigning them to cost components.

Reference link:

https://blogs.sap.com/2015/09/11/primary-cost-component-split-for-cost-estimation/

Question 17:

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You want to settle primary cost elements and secondary cost elements to different receivers. What do you use?

  • Allocation structure

  • Source structure

    (Correct)

  • Overhead structure

  • PA transfer structure Explanation

    The source structure includes several source assignments. A source assignment groups together debit cost elements that are settled according to the same distribution rules.

    This enables you to settle direct costs differently than indirect costs, for example. All direct costs are grouped together in a source assignment and assigned to one or more receivers in the settlement rule. All indirect costs are grouped together in a separate source assignment and assigned to a different receiver in the settlement rule.

    You only need to define a source structure if you want to settle different source groups to different receivers.

    Reference link:

    http://saphelp.ucc.ovgu.de/NW750/EN/d6/cbd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/fram eset.htm#:~:text=The%20allocation%20structure%20assigns%20the,to%20one%20settl ement%20cost%20element

    (Correct)

Question 18:

In which module do you process profit center allocations in SAP S/4HANA?

  • General Ledger Accounting

  • Profit Center Accounting

  • Product Cost Accounting

  • Cost Center Accounting

Explanation

If you have a service profit center or allocation profit center in your profit center hierarchy, you may need to assess or distribute costs again in Profit center Accounting.

In Profit Center Accounting, the allocation function allows you to allocate the following plan and actual data.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/erp_hcm_ias2_2014_03/helpdata/en/8f/4bd953292a424de10000 000a174cb4/frameset.htm

Question 19:

When do you use an assessment instead of a distribution? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • When you want to view the original cost elements on the receiver

  • When you want to consolidate allocated expenses

    (Correct)

  • When you need the option to reverse the cycle as often as required

  • When you need to transfer secondary costs

    (Correct)

    Explanation
    Assessment is a method of allocating primary and secondary costs in Cost Center Accounting and Activity-Based Costing. The following information is passed on to the receivers:

    - The original cost elements are assigned cumulatively, or in groups, to assessment (secondary) cost elements. The original cost elements are not recorded on the receivers.

    - Sender and receiver information (sender cost center, receiver cost center, or business process) appears in the Controlling (CO) document.

    Allocation through assessment is useful when the composition of the costs is unimportant for the receiver. For example, the assessment of cafeteria costs to a cost center need not be broken down further.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/2e11d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/e90dd153c9684608e10000000a174cb4.html

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Question 20:

You want to create a new standard cost estimate based on the quantity structure of the existing standard cost estimate. Which object do you use?

• Reference variant (Correct)

  • Costing version

  • Costing type

  • Transfer control

Explanation

Reference costing enables you to create a cost estimate using the quantity structure of

an existing cost estimate. The reference variant allows you to specify whether certain items should be transferred or revaluated when referencing a cost estimate.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/6297d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4/1610%20002/en- US/8995d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4.html

Question 21:

Which cost objects can only be controlled by period? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Cost object hierarchy (Correct)

  • Product cost collector (Correct)

  • Production order

  • Process order Explanation

    You can use the following cost objects in Product Cost by Period: · Product cost collectors

    · Cost object hierarchies with their cost object nodes and assigned objects (such as materials)

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/viewer/1352f25ee3eb4c888ae33f034441e4f9/6.00.29/en- US/b8a839531d37e447e10000000a441470.html

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Question 22:

Which process determines the target costs of the cost object in a product cost by order scenario?

  • Work in progress (WIP) calculation

  • Accrual calculation

  • Variance calculation

(Correct)

• Actual costs calculation

Explanation

The system calculates target costs so that the same basis is used to determine the variances between the control costs and the planned costs.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/ebd0d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4.html

Question 23:

At which level can you assign a valuation strategy in CO-PA? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Record type (Correct)

  • Sales order type

  • Costing key

  • Point of valuation

    (Correct)

    Explanation
    You can define a valuation strategy in relation to the point of valuation, the record type, and the plan version (if applicable).

    Reference link:

    http://saphelp.ucc.ovgu.de/NW750/EN/ea/1c4c5305ebe647e10000000a441470/fram eset.htm

    Question 24:

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You want to maintain a cost component structure. What can you determine for each cost component?

(There are 3 correct answers for this question)

• Assignment of cost component to cost component group (Correct)

(Correct)

(Correct)

  • The relevance of cost component to results analysis

  • The relevance of cost component to goods manufactured

page18image61066816
  • Assignment of cost component to calculation base for overheads in costing sheet

  • The relevance of cost component to inventory valuation

page18image61067200

Explanation

The below picture display attributes determined for each cost component when maintain a cost component structure:

page18image38413392

Question 25:

page19image61053696

You perform a settlement with a primary cost account which is different from the cost account you used to post the original expense. Which object is a valid receiver for the settlement?

  • Internal order

  • WBS element

  • Cost center

  • Fixed asset

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    There are some conditions under which it is not possible to settle by cost element to an asset under construction. One of these is when the original debit is a secondary cost, for example, for internal activity allocation. The reason is that there is no corresponding expense account for secondary costs. Therefore, you have to settle secondary cost elements using a settlement cost element.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/cda2c6535e601e4be10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/62a1c6535e601e4be10000000a174cb4.html

• Costs are entered. (Correct)

(Correct)

Question 26:

What are some of the characteristics of internal order planning? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Tolerance limits are defined.

  • Multiple versions are allowed.

page19image61065472

• Availability control is checked.

Explanation
During internal order planning, you enter costs, activities and business processes that you expect to incur during the life cycle of an order.

You can plan order costs in more than one version and using various planning forms, depending on when you are planning and the information available.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/b013d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/6cf63452128b3607e10000000a441470.html

Question 27:

What are some of the characteristics of Profit Center Accounting in SAP S/4HANA? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • It can be used in the settlement rule for internal orders.

  • It is possible to derive the profit center from the segment in configuration

  • It is integrated into the universal journal

    (Correct)

  • It can be used with period and/or cost of sales accounting. (Correct)

    Explanation
    Profit Center Accounting in SAP S/4HANA:

    · Profit Center Accounting allows profitability reports by period or cost-of-sales accounting. The object of defining Profit Centers is to draw financial statements, profit and loss statement / balance sheet for each area of responsibility company

    · As Profit Center Accounting is integrated in ACDOCA Table, Businesses do not require to do reconciliations amongst Financial Accounting – Controlling – Center Accounting

    Reference link:

    https://eursap.eu/2018/11/13/blog-sap-s4hana-profit-center-accounting/

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Question 28:

You post an expense line in an accounting document and enter an internal order and a cost center as the account assignments. After posting, the system allows you to settle the posted values from the internal order. Which settings do the cost center and internal order have?

• Statistical internal order Statistical cost center

• Real internal order Real cost center

(Correct)

  • Real internal order Statistical cost center

  • Statistical internal order Real cost center

Explanation

Cost center is a responsible center in SAP. It cannot be defined as statistical but in transactions it may become as per other co objects. So that If the system allows to settle Internal Order, both of Internal Order and Cost Center are real object.

Question 29:

Why would you use manual cost allocation in Controlling? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • To run simple allocations of actual data (Correct)

  • To correct secondary postings (Correct)

  • To run simple allocations of plan data

  • To allocate costs using an allocation cycle Explanation

    Manual cost allocation involves posting secondary costs manually. The system credits a sender object (for example, a cost center) and debits a receiver object (for example, an order). Until now, you could only use automatic methods for cost allocation (such as assessment or distribution (see: Assessment Distribution ).

    You can use manual allocation to:
    · Avoid the need for complicated Customizing settings for simple allocations · Manually transfer external data
    · Make simple adjustments to incorrect secondary postings.
    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/6d10d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4.html

page21image60821632

Question 30:

You have implemented Product Cost by Sales Order in conjunction with revenue-based results analysis in your organization. For a particular sales order item, you have the

following:- Plan revenue = 3000- Plan costs = 2000- Actual revenue = 1200- Actual costs = 1000What data does the system calculate during results analysis?

  • Revenue = 1200; Cost of sales = 800; Reserve = 200

  • Revenue = 1200; Cost of sales = 800; WIP = 200

(Correct)

  • Revenue = 1200; Cost of sales = 1000; WIP = 200

  • Revenue = 1200; Cost of sales = 1000; Reserve = 200

Explanation

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/viewer/6fe2dad9dab7486fb4469d13552824f2/6.18.06/en- US/4a62c4535cdeb44ce10000000a174cb4.html

Question 31:

For which of the following situations would you need to implement the transfer price solution in SAP S/4HANA?

  • Parallel valuation views of the same logistical flows are needed to differentiate between legal and profit center valuation.

    (Correct)

  • Parallel price calculation and invoicing are needed to facilitate intercompany reconciliation.

  • Parallel costing is needed in order to calculate the separate costs of goods manufactured for different accounting principles.

  • Parallel accounting is needed in order to be compliant with different accounting principles.

    Explanation

    The three different views of business transactions - those of the individual company, the group as a whole and the profit center - are referred to as valuations or valuation views:

    1. Group view , in which business transactions within the group are represented using group-wide cost rates

    2. Profit center view , in which business transactions between profit centers are valuated using managerial or controlling rates.

    3. Legal view , in which business transactions between affiliated companies are valuated using external sales prices

    Reference link:

page22image61069312

https://help.sap.com/doc/374cd953292a424de10000000a174cb4/2.6/en- US/226dd7531a4d424de10000000a174cb4.html

• Company code currency (Correct)

(Correct)

Question 32:

Which currency types can you use for costing-based CO-PA? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Group currency

  • Controlling area currency

  • Operating concern currency

page23image60823936

Explanation

Currency types for costing-based are in the below picture:

page23image60824320
page24image38768688

Question 33:

How do you maintain number intervals/ranges in Controlling?

  • By posting key

  • By document type

  • By company code

  • By business transactions

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    You define number ranges in Customizing under -> Controlling: -> General -> Organization -> Maintain Number Ranges for CO Documents.

    You can:
    · Create business transaction groups

page24image61069696

· Assign business transactions to business transaction groups

· Maintain number range intervals for individual business transaction groups

· Maintain number range intervals and number range statuses in the controlling area

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/saphelp_me60/helpdata/EN/fd/41de531ed3424de10000000a17 4cb4/content.htm?no_cache=true

Question 34:

When trying to assign a profit center to a new cost center, you receive an error. What can cause this error?

  • The validity period of the cost center is shorter than that of the profit center

  • The profit center has already been assigned to a different cost center

  • The lock indicator is activated in the profit center master record

  • The validity period of the profit center is shorter than that of the cost center

(Correct)

Explanation
For testing example:

The analysis period of Profit Center YB600 is began from 01.01.2000

page26image38517072

When creating new cost center which is began 01.01.1998 (longer than Profit Center),

the system issue an error message:

page27image38516624page27image55012528

Question 35:

You want to configure different cost centers in your company. Which setting in the cost center master data will you use to assign the same attributes to similar cost centers?

  • Cost center category (Correct)

  • Cost center type

  • Functional area

  • Activity type

    Explanation
    Cost Center categories enable you to assign the same characteristics to similar cost centers. For example, you can allow particular activity types only for particular cost centers. This is useful to prevent production activities from being posted to administrative cost centers by mistake.

page27image61072000

Reference link:

https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ERPFI/Cost+Center+Categories

Question 36:

In an SAP S/4HANA system, you have two profit centers with the same profit center code and the same validity period, but different names. What does this indicate about the configuration of the profit centers?

  • They are assigned to different functional areas

  • They are defined in separate company codes

  • They are defined in separate controlling areas

(Correct)

• They are assigned to different segments

Explanation

You can copy a Profit Center from this CO Area to another CO Area with the same code. It means that they are defined in separate Controlling Area.

page28image38534464

Question 37:

What must the referenced cost estimate and the receiving cost estimate have in common?

  • The cost component structure

  • The quantity structure

    (Correct)

  • The company codes

  • The plant

page28image60825280

Explanation

You can create separate material cost estimates ( with and without quantity structure) or costing runs using the same quantity structure, by copying existing cost estimates.

Reference costing enables you to create a cost estimate using the quantity structure of an existing cost estimate.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/6297d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4/1610%20002/en- US/8995d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4.html

Question 38:

To which objects do you settle values of the results analysis? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

• Segment
• Profitability segment

page29image60827200

(Correct)

• Profit center (Correct)

• Cost center

Explanation
You can settle the following results analysis data to FI and EC-PCA (Profit Center):

- Inventory values (depending on the results analysis method, capitalized costs or revenue in excess of billings)

- Reserves for unrealized costs

- Reserves for imminent loss
- Reserves for complaints and commissions
- The cost of sales, if you are using a nonvaluated sales order stock and are balancing in

Financial Accounting with the cost-of-sales accounting method
You can settle the following results analysis data to CO-PA (Profitability segment): - Cost of sales or calculated revenue

- Reserves for imminent loss and complaints

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/bae34252b9f86860e10000000a423f68.html

Question 39:

Which parameters are controlled by the costing type in a costing variant? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Price for materials

  • Save with date key

    (Correct)

  • Costing sheet

  • Price updates

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    The below screenshot show Price Update in the Costing Type configuraton:

page30image61069888page30image55013360

The below screenshot show Save Parameter in the Costing Type configuraton:

page31image55013984

Question 40:

In your company, you tend to go through many reorganizations leading to extra master data maintenance work. Which grouping functionality can save you time maintaining profit center groups?

• Copying groups with the suffix

  • Configuring derivation rules

  • Creating multi-dimension sets

  • Defining flexible hierarchies

(Correct)

Question 41:

You are setting up a costing-based Profitability Analysis for your organization. How do you configure the different market segments?

  • As characteristics (Correct)

  • As value fields

  • As key figures

Explanation

Reference link:

https://percipere.co/flexible-hierarchies-in-sap-s4-hana/

page31image60997376

• As divisions Explanation

List of market segment with Object Type Characteristic:

https://help.sap.com/doc/ff823b54b720024be10000000a44176d/3.6/en- US/a09823544fd91d6ee10000000a441470.html

Question 42:

What do you need to define in order to report variable costs that refer to the cost component split in account-based CO-PA?

(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • A calculation formula

  • A price difference profile

  • A cost splitting profile

page32image61054848

(Correct)

• A variable cost field in ACDOCA (Correct)

Explanation

Create G/L Account for Splitting COGS Create a Splitting Profile
Reference link:

https://blog.sap-press.com/how-to-split-cost-of-goods-sold-cogs-with-sap-s/4hana- finance

Question 43:

Which parameters can you enter when you create a costing run? (There are 3 correct answers for this question)

  • Production version

  • Costing version

    (Correct)

  • Transfer control

page32image61056576

(Correct)

  • Costing variant (Correct)

  • Valuation variant Explanation

    The below picture is description when you create a costing run:

page33image55016272

Question 44:

Which objects do you use when you assign costs and revenue to the value fields in costing-based CO-PA?

  • Allocation template

  • Overhead group

• Transfer structure

(Correct)

• Allocation structure

Explanation

To transfer actual data from FI/MM to costing based CO-PA, we need to do define PA transfer structure in which we define source cost elements to target CO-PA value field.

Reference link:

https://blogs.sap.com/2018/01/16/sap-co-pa-profitability-analysis/

Question 45:

Which scenarios can be covered by the costing run? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Product cost collector cost estimate in one plant

  • Current cost estimate of all the materials in all-controlling areas

    (Correct)

  • Inventory cost estimate of all the materials in one plant

  • Standard cost estimate of all the materials in all plants of a controlling area

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    You can update the results of costing runs in the price fields of the material master. You can transfer the results of the standard cost estimate as well as those of the inventory cost estimate, modified standard cost estimate and the current cost estimate into the material master.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/6297d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4/1610%20002/en- US/2394d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4.html

    (Correct)

page34image60834368

Question 46:

You are executing an indirect activity allocation. What do you post to the sender and receiver?

• You post quantity and cost to both the sender and receiver.

  • You post both quantity and cost to the sender and cost only to the receiver.

  • You post costs only to both the sender and receiver.

  • You post both quantity and cost to the receiver and cost only to the sender.

Explanation

For example of Indirect Activity Allocation:

page35image38353344

The Quality control cost center uses 1000 hours of the Testing activity type. This cost center provides activity for the cost centers Goods receipt and Finished products . Allocations are made on the basis of the tracing factor Number of test items (TI). These are 4000 items for the Goods receipt cost center and 6000 items for Finished products . This corresponds to an activity input of 400 hours for Goods receipt and 600 hours for

Finished products .

The price per activity unit for the Quality control cost center is 50 USD/hr. This results in activity output costs of 50,000 USD. The receiver cost centers are debited with the following costs based on the tracing factor TI.

Goods receipt: (50,000 USD X 4000 TI) / 10,000 TI = 20,000 USD Finished products: (50,000 USD X 6.000 TI) / 10,000 TI = 30,000 USD

Summary:

Quantity & cost of Sender: 1000hrs, $50,000

Quantity & cost of Receiver: 400hrs, $20,000 for Goods receipt ; 600hrs, $30,000 for Finished products

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/2e11d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/ec0dd153c9684608e10000000a174cb4.html

page36image60836096

Question 47:

When is the standard hierarchy of the controlling area created?

  • When the controlling area is defined (Correct)

  • When the controlling area is assigned to the operating concern

  • When the first cost center for a controlling area is created

  • When the first company code is assigned to the controlling area

    Explanation

    In SAP systems, Before you define standard hierarchy using transaction code OKEON, maintain CCtr Standard hierarchy in controlling area using OKKP. If you not maintain standard hierarchy in controlling area, you will get an error message as “no standard hierarchy is created for TK01”.

    Reference link:

    https://www.tutorialkart.com/sap-co/define-cost-center-hierarchy-controlling-area-sap/

    (Correct)

page36image60825856

Question 48:

Which characteristic controls the eligible cost element categories for G/L accounts in SAP S/4HANA?

• Account type

  • Field status group

  • Account group

  • Account currency

Explanation

Cost elements are represented in the system as a type of G/L account.

- Primary cost or revenue elements are G/L accounts of the G/L account type Primary Costs or Revenue.

- Secondary cost elements are G/L accounts of the G/L account type Secondary Costs.

page37image38347184

Question 49:

Your customer uses account-based CO-PA. Which sales documents create an account-based CO-PA line item for each standard ledger in the universal journal table in SAP S/4HANA?

(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Sales order

  • Good receipt • Billing

    (Correct)

• Goods issue (Correct)

Explanation

Revenue is posted to account-based CO-PA line item with Billing document. COGS is posted to account-based CO-PA line item with Goods issue document. Sales Order Analysis not available in account based COPA.
Reference link:

https://blogs.sap.com/2018/02/04/has-account-based-copa-evolved-enough-to-be- recommended-in-s4hana/

page37image61078144

Question 50:

Which objects are predefined characteristics in SAP S/4HANA? (There are 3 correct answers for this question)

  • Company code (Correct)

  • Controlling area (Correct)

    • Plant (Correct)

• Region
• Product category

Explanation

Fixed characteristics: A number of fundamental characteristics are automatically predefined in every operating concern.

page38image38363008

Question 51:

You are posting a purchase order for a warehouse material. From which object is the profit center derived?

• Plant

  • Material master

    (Correct)

  • Cost center

  • Business partner Explanation

    Profit Center is taken from material master per purchase order item. This Profit Center is moved to GR (goods receipt) when we do MIGO. This gives “costs of the material consumption” in the relative Profit Centers.

    Reference link:

    https://eursap.eu/2018/11/13/blog-sap-s4hana-profit-center-accounting/

page39image60830464

Question 52:

What is required before you can create a multi-level material cost estimate without quantity structure?

• Specific valuation variants for material costings without quantity structure

  • Material master with accounting view and with MRP views

  • Specific costing variants for material costings without quantity structure

(Correct)

• Material master with costing view

Explanation

Prerequisites: You have checked the settings in the costing variant. When you create a material cost estimate, you always specify a costing variant. The costing variant contains all the information needed to execute the material cost estimate.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/6297d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4/1610%20002/en- US/a4a5685327a6cc5de10000000a4450e5.html

Question 53:

Which views can you use to analyze the costing results within the costing run tool? (There are 3 correct answers for this question)

page39image60850944
  • Material list report (Correct)

  • Costing levels report (Correct)

  • Analysis report (Correct)

  • Variance report

  • Work in the progress report Explanation

    In costing run, you can analyze the costing results using the following: - The costing level overview
    - The material overview
    - The report created in the screen area Processing

page40image54994896

Question 54:

What is the highest reporting level in management accounting?

  • Company code

  • Operating concern

(Correct)

  • Profit center

  • Controlling area

Explanation

The operating concern is the highest reporting level within CO-PA. Reference link:

https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ERPFI/Operating+concern+organization+unit

Question 55:

Which configuration is possible when you assign multiple company codes to a controlling area in SAP S/4HANA?

  • The company code currency may differ from the controlling area currency (Correct)

  • The company code fiscal year variant may differ from the controlling area fiscal year variant In the number of special periods

  • The company code fiscal year variant may differ from the controlling area fiscal year variant in the number of periods and number of especial periods

  • The company code operational chart of accounts may differ from the controlling area operational chart of accounts

    Explanation

    If you assign more than one company code to one controlling area, then you need to note the following:

    · You need to use a consistent chart of accounts

    · The operative fiscal year variants in the company codes must match the fiscal year variants in the controlling area.

    So that currency may differ.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/saphelp_me61/helpdata/EN/7a/e7ed5142de7131e10000000a17 4cb4/content.htm?no_cache=true

page41image60867136

Question 56:

You use a production order with Product Cost by Period and you entered a results analysis key and variance key. How does the system calculate variances in Product Cost by Period?

  • Variances = Target costs - Delivery value - WIP

  • Variances = Actual costs - Delivery value – WIP

page42image60851328

(Correct)

  • Variances = Target costs - Delivery value

  • Variances = Actual costs - Delivery value

Explanation

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/c2de385313e57d77e10000000a441470.html

Question 57:

Which object do you have to assign the cost component structure to?

  • Material master record

  • Costing type

  • Valuation variant

  • Costing variant

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    The cost component structure is selected through the company code, plant, and costing variant. You specify this assignment in Customizing for Product Cost Planning under -
    Basic Settings for Material Costing -> Define Cost Component Structure.

    Reference link:

    http://saphelp.ucc.ovgu.de/NW750/EN/82/a6d7531a4d414de10000000a174cb4/fram eset.htm

page42image60852288

Question 58:

You need to analyze different planning scenarios for cost centers. With which object

do you differentiate the planning scenarios?

  • Operating concern

  • Cost center group

  • CO version

(Correct)

• Company code

page42image60853632

Explanation

page42image60853824

Maintain Version used to create independent data groupings in planning and in actual. In planning, versions display alternative plan scenarios based on differents planning assumptions.

Reference link:

https://www.tutorialscampus.com/sap-co/maintain-versions.htm

Question 59:

How can you configure cycles for period-end allocation? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Define allocation for the same cost center in multiple segments (Correct)

  • Create cycles that iterate with each other

  • Use different allocation rules within one segment

  • Assign several segments to a cycle

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    You can use the same sender cost center in multiple segments (but must different sender Cost element).

    And you can create several segment into a cycle.

• Overall planning (Correct)

(Correct)

page43image60856128

Question 60:

Which are levels of internal order planning? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Group costing

  • Primary and secondary cost and revenue planning

• Integrated planning

Explanation

Integrated Planning for Internal Orders allows you to settle internal order plan data to cost centers or business processes.

Overall planning is the most important and fundamental form of internal order planning. Reference link:https://help.sap.com/doc/b013d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/3.6/en-

US/6cf63452128b3607e10000000a441470.html

Question 61:

When you configure period-end closing, which accrual calculations methods can you use?

(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Target equals actual (Correct)

  • Percentage (Correct)

  • Template

  • Statistical key figure Explanation

    You can calculate accruals in the Controlling component based on the costs posted there. To do so you can use the following approaches:

    · Accrual calculations using the percentage method

    · Accrual calculations using the target=actual method

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/viewer/b42281c1645049a4b07c0ab25ec8b899/6.06.21/en- US/b62dee518e4b3946e10000000a44538d.html

    (Correct)

Question 62:

You want to create cost centers for your company. What is the prerequisite to building

an organizational structure for overhead cost controlling?

• Standard hierarchy top node

  • Cost center categories

  • Functional area

  • Cost center types

Explanation

When you create a controlling area , you specify the name for the highest node of the standard hierarchy for this controlling area.

You must assign each cost center you create to a group in the standard hierarchy. This ensures that the standard hierarchy contains all the cost centers in the controlling

group.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/3011d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/1610%20002/en- US/frameset.htm?a60ad553088f4308e10000000a174cb4.html

Question 63:

How can you define a dynamic group for internal orders?

  • Define an order coding mask for order types

  • Create a subsitution rule for mass changes

  • Use wild cards in the order codes assigned to nodes

  • Assign a selection variant to an end node

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    Using a selection variant you can store specific criteria you want to use in selecting your objects. This saves you having to enter the same data every time you start object selection.

    For selection variants you can use, for example, fields from the order master data, but also classification attributes, status selection profiles and activity grouping codes, amongst others.

Question 64:

Which statements are relevant to the cost of sales accounting method in profitability

management?
(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

• It aims to match revenues for goods and services against sales-related expenses.

page45image60869824

(Correct)

  • It presents revenues, primary expenses, changes in stock, WIP, and capitalized activities.

  • It presents the costs and revenues information in a format that is ideal for conducting margin analyses

(Correct)

• It aims to summarize activity and situational change for a given organizational unit over a period of time.

Explanation

In cost-of-sales accounting, the cost of sales is set off against revenue using either direct costing or full absorption methods (contribution margin accounting). Fixed costs can be allocated on a proportional basis or en bloc to any level(s) of a hierarchy. You can use standard costs to valuate the cost of sales for the purpose of obtaining a preliminary profit analysis. Or you can also transfer the variances of production orders and cost centers to Profitability Analysis in order to reconcile CO-PA with Financial Accounting (FI) on the basis of actual costs.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/saphelp_me150/15.0.3VERSIONFORSAPME/en- US/a0/d44d53476bf563e10000000a4450e5/content.htm?no_cache=true

Question 65:

What are the prerequisites for automatic generation of the settlement rule to a market segment for a sales order item?

(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • The sales order item is assigned to a project. (Correct)

  • Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) is activated. (Correct)

  • The material in the sales order item is a service.

  • The sales order item is a cost object. Explanation

    Prerequisites for Settlement to CO-PA

    For a sales order item to be settled to CO-PA, you must enter valid settlement parameters for the item. Such settlement parameters include a settlement profile, an allocation structure, and a PA transfer structure

If CO-PA is active, the system generates a settlement rule when you create the sales order. The settlement rule determines whether data is settled to other objects or other areas in Controlling . In accordance with this settlement rule, the relevant data is settled to CO-PA.

If CO-PA is not active, create a settlement rule. This settlement rule that you create manually normally contains a G/L account as a receiver (such as 399999). You can also settle costs and revenues or results analysis data to objects with revenue

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/4325bb536b13b44ce10000000a174cb4.html

Question 66:

Your customer defined one distribution cycle in SAP S/4HANA. You need to define a new distribution cycle. How can you ensure the new cycle is executed only after the existing one is completed?

  • Select iteration in the cycle header of the new cycle

  • Assign both cycles to the same cycle run group

(Correct)

• Assign each cycle to a different cycle run group

• Select iteration in the cycle header of both cycles

Explanation

Parallel processing of cycles results in considerable time savings. To process cycles of one allocation type in parallel, they must be assigned to different cycle run groups.

If you want to sequential excute cycles, assign them to the same run group.

Question 67:

What does the calculation of a condition type in the costing sheet of CO-PA depend on?

(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Valuation

  • Calculation type

    (Correct)

  • Segment

  • Condition class

(Correct)

Explanation

The attributes of a condition type are defined by the following: · Condition category
· 
Calculation type
· Condition class

· Scale basis
Reference link: 
http://mysaplib.com/00000672/fbf22c7dd435d1118b3f0060b03ca329/content.htm

Question 68:

What parameters can you set up when defining order types? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Set up work lists.

  • Define document type.

  • Define default parameters for master record fields.

page48image60861120

(Correct)

• Allow revenue postings. (Correct)

Explanation

You can define “Allow revenue posting” option or some “Default parameters” such as Object class, Functional area which are displayed in Order master field.

page49image41293056

Question 69:

Which objects can statistical key figures be applied to? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • Cost centers (Correct)

  • Profit centers (Correct)

  • Functional areas

  • General ledger accounts Explanation

Statistical key figures are measurable values that are applicable to cost centers, profit centers, internal orders, or processes. You can use statistical key figures as an allocation base (or tracing factor) for periodic allocations such as distribution or assessment, and for analysis purposes

Reference link:

https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ERPFI/What+is+a+Statistical+Key+Figures

Question 70:

You want to use a template to consider overhead during product costing. How do you assign the template to your material?

  • Using a special procurement type and an overhead group

  • Using a profit center and an overhead key

  • Using an overhead group and an overhead key

  • Using an origin group and an overhead group

(Correct)

Explanation

Because templates for cost objects are dependent on materials and orders, the SAP System must select the appropriate template at the time of the valuation event. Template selection is based on the following assignment logic:

The SAP System selects the template based on the overhead structure, the distribution

key, and the environment.

- When planning product costs, the SAP system uses the overhead structure based on the valuation variant, itself selected based on the costing variant. The distribution keys are selected through the overhead cost group in the master data of the material to be costed. The SAP System selects the environment based on the costing method (direct or product costing).

- When costing cost objects and allocating to cost objects, the SAP System uses the overhead structure and distribution key taken from the master data of the cost object.

The environment is also selected based on the cost object.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/9acfd8530439414de10000000a174cb4.html

Question 71:

Which process can you use to credit internal orders during period-end closing?

• Assessment
• Indirect activity allocation

• Distribution
• Periodic reposting

(Correct)

Explanation

The following belong to periodic actual postings: · Revaluation at Actual Prices
· Calculating Overhead
· 
Periodic Reposting

· Actual Template Allocation

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/b013d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/3012d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4.html

(Correct)

Question 72:

Which Customizing for Document Splitting settings do you maintain to ensure that financial statements can always be produced separately for each profit center?

• Dummy profit center

• Inheritance
• Standard account assignment

• Zero-balance

Explanation

Document splitting enables you to draw up complete financial statements for the Profit centers.

You can, for example, create a segmented display of a (partial) balance sheet according

to a set of legal requirements (for example, IAS or US GAAP) or according to areas of responsibility (such as profit centers).

In addition, you can allocate at the time of posting additional costs (such as realized or valuated exchange rate differences) to the CO-relevant account assignment objects to

which the costs relate. Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/3c51d7531a4d424de10000000a174cb4/2.6/en- US/4911c9cc2a934a18e10000000a42189b.html

page52image60873088

Question 73:

Which of the following statements best describe Product Cost by Period? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • It is used in conjunction with a product cost collector. (Correct)

  • It is used for joint production with process orders.

  • It is used to analyze work in the process based on actual costs.

  • It is used when the focus of control is on a stable and continuous production

    process.

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    The Product Cost by Period is recommended for products that have relatively high design stability and are manufactured over an extended period of time. If you are manufacturing your products in a repetitive manufacturing environment, you always use Product Cost by Period.

    In Product Cost by Period, you use product cost collectors as the cost objects. Regardless of whether the production environment is order-related production, process manufacturing, or repetitive manufacturing, you collect the production costs for the product on a product cost collector and analyze the costs in each period.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/viewer/4032610758dc437089f0c28320eec93f/2105.500/en- US/b8a839531d37e447e10000000a441470.html

  • Sales deductions (Correct)

  • Maintenance overhead costs

Question 74:

What values flow from Sales and Distribution billing to costing-based Profitability Analysis?

(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

• Revenue (Correct)

• Accrued production overhead

Explanation

Every billing document generated in SD (including credit memos, cancellations and so on) immediately results in a corresponding line item in Profitability Analysis. This means that the update in Profitability Analysis is linked with that in Financial Accounting

(FI). That ensures that the same revenues and sales deductions are transferred to both modules at the same time.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/viewer/bc7bfa203895425090402d10d80cd9f2/6.18.15/en- US/b4714d5383e47d77e10000000a441470.html

Question 75:

You are implementing SAP S/4HANA and you want to run analytical reports off a single data model. Which statement best describes reporting in SAP S/4HANA?

  • Reporting can be either broad and deep for analysis, or speedy and simple, but not both

  • Reporting analytical data is always done in a business warehouse system.

  • Reporting on data in real-time is difficult, and complex to design.

  • Reporting on data is available in real-time at every level of detail.

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    Operational reporting solutions in SAP S/4HANA are very close to transactional user. They are supposed to give users data to perform their day-to-day activities better (higher productivity and higher effectivity). These real-time reports are not very aggregated, but highly detailed and filtered.

    Reference link:

    https://blogs.sap.com/2017/10/16/sap-operational-reporting-embedded-analytics-or- hana-live/

    (Correct)

Question 76:

During posting, from which object does the system first derive the profit center if the profit center is NOT directly assigned to a network activity?

  • Project definition

  • WBS element

  • Dummy profit center

  • Network header

Explanation

With activity-assigned networks , the profit center to which the network activity is assigned is updated.

· If no profit center is entered there, then the system updates the profit center of the related WBS element.

· If no profit center is entered there either, then the profit center in the network header is updated.

So that WBS element is the object which the system first derive the profit center.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/374cd953292a424de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/8f6cd7531a4d424de10000000a174cb4.html

Question 77:

What activity do you perform during period-end in profit center accounting?

  • Execute template allocation

  • Process distribution cycles

    (Correct)

  • Settle costs

  • Post activity allocation Explanation

    Activities in Controlling:
    · Assessment
    · 
    Distribution
    · Balance carryforward
    · Transfer of payables and receivables · Rollup for Consolidation

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/doc/39b5d153e8b34208e10000000a174cb4/2.6/en- US/12b5d153e8b34208e10000000a174cb4.html

Question 78:

What are some of the unique attributes of an assessment cycle in Controlling? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • They use a secondary cost element during transfer. (Correct)

  • They transfer primary and secondary costs. (Correct)

  • They transfer only primary costs.

  • They use the original cost element during transfer.

Explanation
Assessment is a method of allocating primary and secondary costs in Cost Center Accounting and Activity-Based Costing. The following information is passed on to the receivers:

- The original cost elements are assigned cumulatively, or in groups, to assessment (secondary) cost elements. The original cost elements are not recorded on the receivers.

- Sender and receiver information (sender cost center, receiver cost center, or business

process) appears in the Controlling (CO) document.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/2e11d553088f4308e10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/e90dd153c9684608e10000000a174cb4.html

Question 79:

What tasks are performed by the system during activity allocation? (There are 2 correct answers for this question)

  • A primary costs G/L account is used for debiting and crediting

  • The cost element is derived from the master data for the activity type

    (Correct)

  • The sender cost object is debited and the receiver cost object is credited

  • The allocation amount is calculated based on the quantity and price of the

    activity

(Correct)

(Correct)

Question 80:

When you create a profit center, what company code(s) is it assigned to by default?

  • All company codes where profit center is activated

  • All company codes, irrespective of controlling area

  • All company codes within the operating concern

  • All company codes within the controlling area

Explanation

If you do not change the company code assignments in either individual processing or collective processing, a profit center is assigned to all company codes in the controlling area.

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp60_sp/helpdata/en/77/4bd953292a424de10000000a 174cb4/frameset.htm

Question 81:

You are configuring internal order settlement. Where do you define which cost elements should be settled, using either the original or settlement cost elements?

  • Allocation structure (Correct)

  • Settlement rule

  • Settlement profile

  • Template

Question 82:

Which of the following statements are applicable to SAP S/4HANA embedded analytics?

(There are 2 correct answers for this question)

• It is part of the core SAP S/4HANA license and uses the same technical stack and user interface.

page56image60865728

(Correct)

  • It is part of SAP S/4HANA Strategic Analytics tools stack that uses virtual data models for reporting.

  • It is used by dedicated BI users who need to go beyond the capabilities of Strategic Analytics Tools for reporting.

• It uses core data services (CDS) views to create virtual data models (VDMs) for reporting.

page57image60876352

(Correct)

Explanation

What is S/4HANA Embedded Analytics?
It is a set of Analytical Features integrated in SAP S/4HANA, that enables users to

perform real time analytics on the live transactional data. It comes with a set of inbuild representations of operational data, called VDM (Virtual Data Models) which will allow users to arrive at better decisions from the available data.

It doesn’t require a separate installation or implementation or any other licenses. It is a part of the S/4HANA Software and is generally available with the new S/4HANA releases.Customers can extend the existing CDS Views VDM’s and build new ones.

Reference link:

https://blogs.sap.com/2016/03/10/sap-s4hana-embedded-analytics-a-detailed- walkthrough-part-13/

page57image61077568

Question 83:

Which receiver must be allowed in the settlement profile of a product cost collector?

• Business process • Order
• Cost center
• Material

(Correct)

Explanation

In creating the product cost collector, the system does the following:

· When you save, the system creates a production process on the basis of the Controlling level (if no such production process exists), and enters the number of the production process in the product cost collector. In order-related production and process manufacturing, the number of the production process is entered in the manufacturing orders assigned to the product cost collector. In repetitive manufacturing, the production version is linked to the product cost collector through the production process.

· When you save, the system creates a settlement rule for the product cost collector. The settlement rule for the product cost collector always specifies the distribution rule 100% to material and the settlement type is always PER (periodic)

page57image60876928

Reference link:

https://help.sap.com/doc/21ccd8530439414de10000000a174cb4/3.6/en- US/bea4b9537cceb44ce10000000a174cb4.html

(Correct)

page58image61060992 page58image61061184

Question 84:

You use a ledger, an additional standard ledger and an extension ledger. You post a general journal entry without indicating a ledger group. For which ledger(s) are separate line items posted in the universal journal?

• The leading and extension ledgers

  • The standard ledgers

  • The leading ledger only

  • All ledgers

Explanation

The extension ledgers, in contrast to the standard ledger, is a delta ledger. It means that only differences between valuations are posted into the extension ledger. As a delta posting is meaningful only in combination with the original posting, the extension ledger always must have a standard ledger assigned as an underlying ledger. The postings to the underlying ledger also apply to the extension ledger.

Reference link:

https://blogs.sap.com/2020/04/02/sap-s-4hana-extension-ledger-use-cases/

Question 85:

At what level do you create the structure of the operating concern?

  • Company code level

  • Sales organization level

  • Controlling area level

  • Client level

    (Correct)

    Explanation

    Operating concern or OPCON is the highest organizational structure in SAP controlling module if you want to implement SAP Profitability Analysis (COPA). Your business will be divided into different segments (i.e. by product, marketing and other segments) and each segment’s profitability can be analyzed through this module. It’s creation is client independent i.e. if you create it in Development box then the same will be reflected in your quality, testing and production box. You need to just activate it in the respective boxes.

    Reference link:

https://yourfinancebook.com/operating-concern-in-sap-co-how-to-define-a-operating- concern-in-sap/

page59image60877888 page59image60878080

Question 86:

What are some of the characteristics of SAP Core Data Services (CDS) views? (There are 3 correct answers for this question)

• CDS views duplicate data for reporting efficiencies.

• CDS views have ready-to-use content.

(Correct)

  • CDS views are considered system modifications. (Correct)

  • CDS views have no latency. (Correct)

• CDS views support authorizations.

Explanation

page59image54978720

Reference link:

https://blogs.sap.com/2016/09/26/core-data-services-cds-in-sap-s4-hana/

Question 87:

Which statement best describes the Query Browser for reporting?

• It is a strategic analytical tool in SAP S/4HANA.

  • It is a desktop browser that integrates with SAP S/4HANA.

  • It is a design studio app that comes as standard SAP Fiori content.

    (Correct)

  • It is available as an additional license product in SAP S/4HANA. Explanation

    The Query Browser is an SAP Fiori application that you use to quickly and easily search for, browse, and tag the analytical queries.

    So It’s not a tool in SAP S/4HANA.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/viewer/6b356c79dea443c4bbeeaf0865e04207/2020.000/en- US/3a24b854ee8f8d21e10000000a44176d.html

    (Correct)

page60image60836672 page60image60836480

Question 88:

You want to define requirement levels for users for the authorization check in Profitability Analysis reporting. Which requirement level would you set to enable user access to all the interactive drill down functions?

• 0-ALL

• 2-Level2 

• 1-Level1 

• 3ALL

Explanation

During execution of a drilldown reports in general, the authority object K_KA_RPT is checked. You can change the authorization to several levels.
If a user has 
level L0, he can see all functions and if wanted, he/she can switch among particular levels.
You can change the function level after executing a report by choosing menu: Extras -> Additional functions.
Reference link:

https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ERPFI/Authority+object+K_KA_RPT+in+drilldown

page60image60877504

+reporting

Question 89:

Which object controls the tiles a business user can assign to their SAP Fiori launchpad?

  • App finder

  • Tile group

(Correct)

  • Tile catalog

  • App library Explanation

    The groups contain tiles from different catalogs. You can add a tile from various catalogs to a group. Once the tile has been added to a group, the tile has to be configured.

    Reference link:

    https://help.sap.com/viewer/17ae0e97e0fc424a9c368f350c0ba6bd/2.10/en- US/a62664a8f81940eab807bd86b739e4d8.html

    (Correct)

page61image60899520 page61image60899904

Question 90:

How does SAP S/4HANA determine if a characteristic value is valid in Profitability Analysis?

  • By defining the characteristic value in the field catalog

  • By defining the characteristic value in the check table

  • By defining the characteristic value as a key figure

  • By defining the characteristic value as a value field

Explanation

The technical attributes (data type, length of the values, and value set) of a characteristic are determined by the domain. The valid characteristic values determined in the value set by the data type and value length can also be specified explicitly in a check table. If a characteristic is assigned to a check table, it can only take on those values that are contained in the check table. You can assign texts to the values contained in the check table. These texts are displayed on the screen whenever you work with those values.



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